ハロウィン(Halloween)は古代ケルトの盆と大晦日と新年の祭り!?

引用元:http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/real-life/witch-costumes-set-to-pick-up-1085052

 

 

 

 

スポンサードリンク

 

 

 

 

 


ハロウィンを歴史や文化背景から学ぶ


日本の幼稚園などでも最近はハロウィンを行事にしていて、仮装した子供たちを見かけることが多くなりましたね。

 

ハロウィンというと、子供たちがお化けの仮装をして”Trick or treat !”(お菓子ちょうだい、くれないとイタズラするぞ!)と家々を周る行事として知られています。

カボチャをくりぬいたJack-o’-lantern(ジャック・オー・ランタン)も有名です。

それはアメリカの民間行事としてのハロウィンで、宗教的な意味合いは失われています。

 

ハロウィンとは、もともとどんなお祭りだったのか。

歴史や文化背景をご紹介します。

 

【古代ケルト人発祥の祭り】


ケルト人とは、ローマ人に席捲される以前に西ヨーロッパで栄えていた民族です。芸術性の高い文化を持っており、フランスやイギリス、アイルランドの文化に大きな影響を残しました。

現在でもケルト系の人々が多い地域として知られているのは、北フランスのブルターニュ地方、イングランドのウェールズ地方、スコットランド、アイルランドです。

ローマ人に支配される以前の自然宗教がカトリックのキリスト教と融合し、独特の宗教文化を生みました。名称未設定3

引用元:http://www.celtarts.com/celtic.htm

 

 

【収穫祭・一年の終わりと始まり・あの世とつながる夜】

古代ケルト人にとって、10月31日は収穫祭であり、大晦日でした。ケルトの新年は11月1日です。日が短くなる冬の始まりは太陽の死・眠り(一年の終わり)であると同時に、新しい太陽が生まれる・目覚める時期(新年の始まり)でもあると考えていました。

また、10月31日は、生きている人の世界と死んだ人の世界の境界が開き、自由に行き来できる日とされていました。

 

(ハロウィンにお墓参りする人々)名称未設定4引用元:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween

 

 

死者の霊が家族を訪ねてくるとともに、魔女や人間に悪いことをする精霊が出てくる日ともされていました。悪霊から身を守るために仮面をかぶって、魔除けの火を焚きました。カボチャをくりぬいて顔をつくり、中にロウソクを入れるジャックオーランタンは、これに由来しています。

 

ちなみに、もともとはカボチャでなく、大きなカブで作っていたそうです。現在でもスコットランドではカブの一種ルタバガのジャックオーランタンが作られます。名称未設定5

 

https://americanfoodieabroad.wordpress.com/2013/10/27/the-original-jack-olantern/

 

 

 

ケルトの司祭ドルイドは秋の実りと生贄の動物を自然の神に捧げ、かがり火の回りで踊りました。人々はその聖なる火を自宅に持ち帰ったり、その燃えさしで新年の火を点けたりし、悪い妖精が家に入ってこないようにしていました。

 

引用元:http://thewildgeese.irish/profiles/blogs/it-s-a-celtic-feast

 

カトリックの祝日「万聖節」は本来は11月1日でした。

その前の晩にあたる10月31日がケルト人の大事な祭りであるため、カトリック教会がそれに合わせて「諸聖人の日」を10月31日に変更したそうです。「万聖節の前夜(イブ)」(”Hallows eve”)が訛って「Halloween」となりました。

カトリック教会にとってケルトとの融合が重要だったことが想像される話です。

 

ファンタジックなムードのあるハロウィーン、由来を知ると納得ですね!アメリカ風ハロウィンも楽しいですが、妖精を信じていたケルトの人々のハロウィンもとても興味深いです。

 

 

スポンサードリンク

31 件のコメント

  • My spouse and i have been absolutely cheerful that Emmanuel managed to carry out his survey while using the ideas he acquired out of the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply choose to be giving out information which usually the rest have been making money from. And we all acknowledge we need you to give thanks to for this. Those illustrations you have made, the simple website menu, the relationships you make it possible to promote – it is everything awesome, and it’s letting our son in addition to us believe that that situation is awesome, which is certainly highly indispensable. Thank you for all the pieces!

  • I wanted to write you this very little remark to be able to thank you the moment again for these gorgeous guidelines you have shown here. It has been shockingly generous of people like you to allow openly just what a number of us might have offered for sale as an electronic book to help with making some money on their own, especially seeing that you might well have done it in the event you decided. Those creative ideas also worked like a fantastic way to understand that someone else have a similar desire much like mine to find out much more around this condition. I think there are several more pleasurable instances up front for people who looked over your website.

  • I simply needed to thank you so much all over again. I do not know the things that I would have achieved without the actual hints revealed by you directly on my area. It has been a intimidating crisis in my opinion, however , viewing a new expert manner you resolved that made me to jump with delight. I will be grateful for your service and then hope that you find out what an amazing job you are always putting in teaching the others using your web page. Probably you haven’t encountered any of us.

  • I am only commenting to make you be aware of what a nice discovery my wife’s girl found viewing your web page. She picked up plenty of pieces, including what it is like to have a wonderful teaching character to get many people very easily know precisely a number of specialized things. You truly exceeded our expected results. Thanks for delivering those practical, healthy, explanatory and cool tips on the topic to Lizeth.

  • I am glad for commenting to let you be aware of of the brilliant encounter our princess found checking your site. She came to understand numerous issues, with the inclusion of how it is like to have a wonderful teaching spirit to let men and women with no trouble know a variety of impossible issues. You truly surpassed visitors’ expectations. Thank you for presenting these precious, safe, explanatory and in addition unique tips on that topic to Evelyn.

  • Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily special possiblity to discover important secrets from this web site. It is always very lovely and full of a great time for me and my office fellow workers to search your site at a minimum three times per week to study the fresh guidance you have got. And lastly, I am just at all times satisfied concerning the good opinions served by you. Selected two tips on this page are unquestionably the most efficient I have had.

  • Thank you for your entire labor on this website. My aunt really likes doing investigations and it is obvious why. My partner and i know all relating to the dynamic mode you convey useful suggestions through the web site and in addition invigorate contribution from some others on that subject matter while my child is undoubtedly being taught a whole lot. Enjoy the rest of the year. You are conducting a tremendous job.

  • Thank you so much for providing individuals with remarkably special possiblity to read in detail from this blog. It is often so fantastic and as well , full of a great time for me and my office fellow workers to visit the blog at least three times weekly to read through the latest secrets you will have. And definitely, I’m just always impressed with your mind-boggling advice you serve. Some two areas in this article are in truth the most suitable I have ever had.

  • I must show my gratitude for your generosity giving support to those who should have help on in this question. Your special commitment to passing the message across was surprisingly valuable and have always enabled employees just like me to arrive at their targets. Your amazing interesting suggestions signifies much a person like me and further more to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from each one of us.

  • I happen to be writing to make you know what a terrific encounter our girl developed studying your blog. She mastered so many details, most notably what it’s like to possess an ideal coaching heart to make other people without problems thoroughly grasp specific impossible topics. You really did more than our own expectations. Many thanks for supplying these essential, trustworthy, explanatory and in addition fun guidance on your topic to Evelyn.

  • Thanks for all your hard work on this site. My daughter takes pleasure in setting aside time for investigation and it is easy to see why. My spouse and i know all of the compelling method you make good strategies through this web blog and as well inspire participation from people on this point plus our favorite girl is now learning a great deal. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You are always doing a great job.

  • I’m commenting to let you know of the fine encounter our princess found studying your web site. She mastered too many details, not to mention what it’s like to possess an amazing teaching mood to get the others without difficulty know specified extremely tough issues. You undoubtedly exceeded visitors’ expectations. Thanks for churning out these insightful, healthy, explanatory not to mention unique thoughts on the topic to Lizeth.

  • I not to mention my friends happened to be looking through the nice techniques located on your site while before long I got a horrible feeling I never thanked you for those tips. All the guys were so passionate to learn all of them and have now surely been using them. Thanks for indeed being simply accommodating and then for obtaining such very good ideas most people are really desirous to understand about. Our own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  • I just wanted to send a quick word so as to appreciate you for some of the remarkable solutions you are placing on this website. My incredibly long internet search has at the end been compensated with sensible points to share with my visitors. I would state that that many of us site visitors actually are undeniably endowed to exist in a fantastic site with so many special people with good pointers. I feel extremely happy to have discovered the webpage and look forward to plenty of more awesome moments reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  • I truly wanted to jot down a small remark in order to thank you for some of the great steps you are giving out at this website. My particularly long internet research has now been rewarded with pleasant information to go over with my two friends. I would state that that many of us site visitors actually are truly blessed to exist in a decent site with many marvellous people with very beneficial opinions. I feel extremely fortunate to have used the website page and look forward to plenty of more fabulous times reading here. Thanks once again for everything.

  • I actually wanted to post a remark to thank you for these nice tips and hints you are writing at this site. My extensive internet look up has finally been paid with awesome insight to share with my good friends. I ‘d assume that we site visitors actually are extremely endowed to dwell in a notable site with so many marvellous people with helpful suggestions. I feel very lucky to have come across the website and look forward to really more enjoyable minutes reading here. Thanks once more for a lot of things.

  • I’m commenting to let you be aware of of the really good discovery my cousin’s child enjoyed checking your webblog. She noticed numerous issues, not to mention what it’s like to have an ideal coaching heart to make many people without difficulty completely grasp some impossible things. You undoubtedly did more than visitors’ expectations. Many thanks for supplying these helpful, safe, informative and easy tips on this topic to Sandra.

  • I wish to get across my passion for your generosity giving support to women who really need help with that field. Your personal commitment to passing the message along became incredibly beneficial and have in most cases enabled girls just like me to attain their ambitions. Your new invaluable tips and hints denotes a lot a person like me and especially to my mates. Regards; from all of us.

  • My wife and i felt very peaceful when Raymond could do his preliminary research by way of the precious recommendations he made from your own web site. It is now and again perplexing to simply happen to be freely giving tactics that many people could have been selling. And we remember we need the blog owner to be grateful to because of that. The most important illustrations you’ve made, the straightforward blog navigation, the friendships your site make it possible to foster – it is all powerful, and it is helping our son and the family consider that the theme is enjoyable, which is seriously essential. Thanks for the whole lot!

  • I want to show some appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this type of problem. Just after browsing through the internet and meeting basics which were not beneficial, I figured my life was well over. Existing without the presence of approaches to the issues you’ve sorted out through your article content is a serious case, as well as the kind which could have in a wrong way affected my career if I had not discovered your web site. Your primary know-how and kindness in playing with all the things was crucial. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not come across such a point like this. I am able to at this time relish my future. Thanks so much for your specialized and sensible help. I will not think twice to recommend your web sites to anybody who should get assistance about this topic.

  • My wife and i felt now satisfied when Chris managed to round up his basic research from the ideas he got from your own web page. It’s not at all simplistic to just happen to be making a gift of helpful hints which often people today could have been trying to sell. And we realize we now have the website owner to give thanks to for this. The explanations you made, the easy blog menu, the friendships you can aid to engender – it is most spectacular, and it’s really aiding our son and us understand this concept is exciting, and that is rather important. Thanks for all the pieces!

  • I must express my thanks to this writer just for rescuing me from this particular situation. Because of scouting throughout the world wide web and meeting views that were not productive, I was thinking my life was well over. Living minus the solutions to the problems you’ve sorted out by way of your good blog post is a crucial case, as well as those that could have negatively damaged my entire career if I had not discovered your site. Your good expertise and kindness in handling all the pieces was precious. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a point like this. I’m able to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks so much for your reliable and effective help. I won’t think twice to endorse the website to any individual who would need assistance about this subject.

  • Needed to put you the little remark to finally give thanks again on your wonderful information you have shared here. It was really strangely generous with people like you to convey without restraint what a lot of folks would have made available for an electronic book to earn some dough for their own end, mostly seeing that you might well have done it in case you decided. Those things as well served as a great way to understand that the rest have the same zeal really like my own to realize way more with respect to this problem. I am certain there are lots of more enjoyable periods in the future for individuals who look over your blog.

  • I wish to convey my affection for your kind-heartedness for women who require help with in this issue. Your real commitment to passing the message all through appeared to be quite beneficial and have without exception permitted somebody like me to realize their endeavors. Your personal warm and friendly tips and hints indicates so much to me and even further to my mates. Warm regards; from everyone of us.

  • I as well as my buddies happened to be viewing the nice information and facts from the blog then the sudden came up with a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to you for those techniques. Those young boys happened to be totally very interested to read through them and have now undoubtedly been making the most of those things. Appreciate your really being well accommodating as well as for deciding upon variety of brilliant things most people are really desperate to know about. My sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  • Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally breathtaking opportunity to read in detail from here. It is usually very terrific plus jam-packed with a good time for me and my office friends to search your web site the equivalent of 3 times in 7 days to see the new guides you will have. And of course, I’m actually happy with your very good things you give. Selected 3 points on this page are ultimately the most efficient we have all ever had.

  • I wanted to write a word in order to express gratitude to you for all the superb points you are sharing here. My rather long internet search has finally been paid with awesome content to exchange with my good friends. I ‘d state that that many of us site visitors are quite lucky to exist in a great place with many special individuals with valuable advice. I feel truly privileged to have encountered the website page and look forward to really more thrilling minutes reading here. Thanks again for everything.

  • I have to show my thanks to this writer for bailing me out of this particular crisis. Right after researching throughout the internet and coming across strategies which are not pleasant, I thought my entire life was well over. Living minus the approaches to the problems you have fixed as a result of this article content is a serious case, and those which might have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your site. That mastery and kindness in playing with all the details was vital. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a stuff like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this impressive and sensible help. I will not be reluctant to suggest your web sites to anyone who requires tips on this matter.

  • I precisely wanted to thank you so much again. I’m not certain the things I would have achieved without the type of tips revealed by you on such a situation. It truly was the fearsome condition in my position, nevertheless encountering the professional tactic you solved the issue made me to weep with contentment. I will be happier for the advice and in addition wish you are aware of a great job you’re doing teaching the mediocre ones through a web site. I am certain you have never encountered all of us.

  • ルイヴィトン – N級バッグ、財布 専門サイト問屋
    日本的な人気と信頼を得ています。
    安心、安全にお届けします
    価格、品質、自信のある商品を取り揃えておりま すので、
    高級腕時計(N級品),スーパーコピー時計(N級品),財布(N級品)バッグ(N級品),靴(N品),指輪(N級品),ベルト(N級品),マフラー (N級品)

    ★100%品質保証!満足保障!リピーター率100%!
    ★商品数も大幅に増え、品質も大自信です。
    ★スタイルが多い、品質がよい、価格が低い!
    ★顧客は至上 誠実 信用。
    ★歓迎光臨★送料無料(日本全国)

  • ブランドスーパーコピー靴
    2018年人気新素材入荷ブランドスーパーコピー靴、シューズコピー専門サイト問屋

    ●品質を重視、納期も厳守、信用第一は当社の方針です。
    ●在庫情報随時更新!

    弊社長年の豊富な経験と実績があり。
    輸入手続も一切は弊社におまかせてください。
    質が一番、最も合理的な価格の商品をお届けいたします。
    スーパーコピーウブロ時計 https://www.88kopi.com/menu/menu-79.html

  • コメントを残す

    メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。

    ABOUTこの記事をかいた人

    chi-yu

    『ちーゆー』です。1994年から2010年まで海外旅行ツアーコンダクターをしていました。お客様と一緒に巡ったアジア、ヨーロッパ、南北アメリカ、中東、アフリカの国々の思い出や、海外旅行に役立つポイントアドバイス、リタイア後も尽きない世界への憧れなどを書かせていただきます。http://tourconductor-note.com 「元・海外旅行ツアコンの添乗員ノート」